The prospect and context for agricultural growth in low income countries (LICs) have changed considerably over the last decade. An important question is how agricultural development, an important contributor to economic growth, employment and food security, can be best promoted.

More specifically, insight is needed into how agricultural productivity can be raised at the level of households, farms, crops and farming communities. Still significant yield gaps, i.e. the difference between potential yield and yield which farmers actually obtain, are observed in the agricultural sector of LICs, which suggest possibilities for improving performance.

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